Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2011-09-21 01:48:57 UTC
Update date2015-07-21 06:59:36 UTC
Primary IDFDB029021
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NamePS(18:2(9Z,12Z)/20:4(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z))
DescriptionPS(18:2(9Z,12Z)/20:4(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)) is a phosphatidylserine (PS or GPSer). It is a glycerophospholipid in which a phosphorylserine moiety occupies a glycerol substitution site. As is the case with diacylglycerols, glycerophosphoserines can have many different combinations of fatty acids of varying lengths and saturation attached at the C-1 and C-2 positions. Fatty acids containing 16, 18 and 20 carbons are the most common. PS(18:2(9Z,12Z)/20:4(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)), in particular, consists of one chain of linoleic acid at the C-1 position and one chain of arachidonic acid at the C-2 position. The linoleic acid moiety is derived from seed oils, while the arachidonic acid moiety is derived from animal fats and eggs. Phosphatidylserine or 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-L-serine is distributed widely among animals, plants and microorganisms. It is usually less than 10% of the total phospholipids, the greatest concentration being in myelin from brain tissue. However, it may comprise 10 to 20 mol% of the total phospholipid in the plasma membrane and endoplasmic reticulum of the cell. Phosphatidylserine is an acidic (anionic) phospholipid with three ionizable groups, i.e. the phosphate moiety, the amino group and the carboxyl function. As with other acidic lipids, it exists in nature in salt form, but it has a high propensity to chelate to calcium via the charged oxygen atoms of both the carboxyl and phosphate moieties, modifying the conformation of the polar head group. This interaction may be of considerable relevance to the biological function of phosphatidylserine, especially during bone formation for example. As phosphatidylserine is located entirely on the inner monolayer surface of the plasma membrane (and of other cellular membranes) and it is the most abundant anionic phospholipids. Therefore phosphatidylseriine may make the largest contribution to interfacial effects in membranes involving non-specific electrostatic interactions. This normal distribution is disturbed during platelet activation and cellular apoptosis. In human plasma, 1-stearoyl-2-oleoyl and 1-stearoyl-2-arachidonoyl species predominate, but in brain (especially grey matter), retina and many other tissues 1-stearoyl-2-docosahexaenoyl species are very abundant. Indeed, the ratio of n-3 to n-6 fatty acids in brain phosphatidylserine is very much higher than in most other lipids. While most phospholipids have a saturated fatty acid on C-1 and an unsaturated fatty acid on C-2 of the glycerol backbone, the fatty acid distribution at the C-1 and C-2 positions of glycerol within phospholipids is continually in flux, owing to phospholipid degradation and the continuous phospholipid remodeling that occurs while these molecules are in membranes. Phosphatidylserines typically carry a net charge of -1 at physiological pH. They mostly have palmitic or stearic acid on carbon 1 and a long chain unsaturated fatty acid (e.g. 18:2, 20:4 and 22:6) on carbon 2. PS biosynthesis involves an exchange reaction of serine for ethanolamine in PE. [HMDB]
CAS NumberNot Available
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
1-Linoleoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-oserineHMDB
1-linoleoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoserinehmdb
Atidylserine(18:2/20:4)HMDB
Atidylserine(18:2N6/20:4N6)HMDB
Atidylserine(18:2W6/20:4W6)HMDB
Phosphatidylserine(18:2/20:4)hmdb
Phosphatidylserine(18:2n6/20:4n6)hmdb
Phosphatidylserine(18:2w6/20:4w6)hmdb
PS(18:2/20:4)hmdb
PS(18:2n6/20:4n6)hmdb
PS(18:2w6/20:4w6)hmdb
PSer(18:2/20:4)hmdb
PSer(18:2n6/20:4n6)hmdb
PSer(18:2w6/20:4w6)hmdb
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility7.8e-05 g/LALOGPS
logP4.94ALOGPS
logP9.99ChemAxon
logS-7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.47ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.38ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count7ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area171.68 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count40ChemAxon
Refractivity231.14 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability92.52 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityNoChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC44H74NO10P
IUPAC name(2S)-2-amino-3-({hydroxy[(2R)-2-(icosa-5,8,11,14-tetraenoyloxy)-3-(octadeca-9,12-dienoyloxy)propoxy]phosphoryl}oxy)propanoic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C44H74NO10P/c1-3-5-7-9-11-13-15-17-19-20-22-24-26-28-30-32-34-36-43(47)55-40(38-53-56(50,51)54-39-41(45)44(48)49)37-52-42(46)35-33-31-29-27-25-23-21-18-16-14-12-10-8-6-4-2/h11-14,17-19,21-22,24,28,30,40-41H,3-10,15-16,20,23,25-27,29,31-39,45H2,1-2H3,(H,48,49)(H,50,51)/t40-,41+/m1/s1
InChI KeyZZEDYRNWLOBWRB-ZFESHMOZSA-N
Isomeric SMILES[H][C@](N)(COP(O)(=O)OC[C@@]([H])(COC(=O)CCCCCCCC=CCC=CCCCCC)OC(=O)CCCC=CCC=CCC=CCC=CCCCCC)C(O)=O
Average Molecular Weight808.0328
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight807.505034105
Classification
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phosphatidylserines. These are glycerophosphoserines in which two fatty acids are bonded to the glycerol moiety through ester linkages. As is the case with diacylglycerols, phosphatidylserines can have many different combinations of fatty acids of varying lengths and saturation attached to the C-1 and C-2 positions.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassGlycerophospholipids
Sub ClassGlycerophosphoserines
Direct ParentPhosphatidylserines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Diacyl-glycerol-3-phosphoserine
  • Alpha-amino acid
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • L-alpha-amino acid
  • Tricarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Phosphoethanolamine
  • Fatty acid ester
  • Dialkyl phosphate
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Fatty acyl
  • Amino acid
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxide
  • Primary amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
OntologyNo ontology term
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
ChemSpider IDNot Available
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Compound ID52925984
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB12405
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDNot Available
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
Enzymes
NameGene NameUniProt ID
2-acylglycerol O-acyltransferase 2MOGAT2Q3SYC2
Phosphatidylserine synthase 1PTDSS1P48651
Phosphatidylserine synthase 2PTDSS2Q9BVG9
Phosphatidylserine decarboxylase proenzymePISDQ9UG56
Phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate 5-phosphatase 2INPPL1O15357
Scavenger receptor class B member 1SCARB1Q8WTV0
Phospholipase A1 member APLA1AQ53H76
Protein kinase C delta-binding proteinPRKCDBPQ969G5
LactadherinMFGE8Q08431
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference