Record Information
Creation date2015-05-07 20:50:32 UTC
Update date2019-11-26 03:22:04 UTC
Primary IDFDB031031
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • FDB012062
Chemical Information
FooDB Namen-butanoate
DescriptionButyric acid, also known as butyrate or butanoic acid, is a member of the class of compounds known as straight chain fatty acids. Straight chain fatty acids are fatty acids with a straight aliphatic chain. Thus, butyric acid is considered to be a fatty acid lipid molecule. Butyric acid is soluble (in water) and a weakly acidic compound (based on its pKa). Butyric acid can be found in a number of food items such as cinnamon, pepper (c. baccatum), burdock, and mandarin orange (clementine, tangerine), which makes butyric acid a potential biomarker for the consumption of these food products. Butyric acid can be found primarily in most biofluids, including saliva, breast milk, feces, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), as well as throughout most human tissues. Butyric acid exists in all eukaryotes, ranging from yeast to humans. In humans, butyric acid is involved in a couple of metabolic pathways, which include butyrate metabolism and fatty acid biosynthesis. Moreover, butyric acid is found to be associated with aIDS. Butyric acid is a non-carcinogenic (not listed by IARC) potentially toxic compound. Butyric acid was first observed in impure form in 1814 by the French chemist Michel Eugène Chevreul. By 1818, he had purified it sufficiently to characterize it. However, Chevreul did not publish his early research on butyric acid; instead, he deposited his findings in manuscript form with the secretary of the Academy of Sciences in Paris, France. Henri Braconnot, a French chemist, was also researching the composition of butter and was publishing his findings, and this led to disputes about priority. As early as 1815, Chevreul claimed that he had found the substance responsible for the smell of butter. By 1817, he published some of his findings regarding the properties of butyric acid and named it. However, it was not until 1823 that he presented the properties of butyric acid in detail. The name of butyric acid comes from the Latin word for butter, butyrum (or buturum), the substance in which butyric acid was first found . If the compound has been ingested, rapid gastric lavage should be performed using 5% sodium bicarbonate. For skin contact, the skin should be washed with soap and water. If the compound has entered the eyes, they should be washed with large quantities of isotonic saline or water. In serious cases, atropine and/or pralidoxime should be administered. Anti-cholinergic drugs work to counteract the effects of excess acetylcholine and reactivate AChE. Atropine can be used as an antidote in conjunction with pralidoxime or other pyridinium oximes (such as trimedoxime or obidoxime), though the use of '-oximes' has been found to be of no benefit, or possibly harmful, in at least two meta-analyses. Atropine is a muscarinic antagonist, and thus blocks the action of acetylcholine peripherally (T3DB).
CAS Number107-92-6
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Chemical FormulaC4H8O2
IUPAC name
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C4H8O2/c1-2-3-4(5)6/h2-3H2,1H3,(H,5,6)
Average Molecular Weight88.1051
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight88.0524295
ClassificationNot classified
Physiological effect

Health effect:


Route of exposure:


Biological location:


Naturally occurring process:


Environmental role:

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
EI-MS/GC-MSNot Available
MS/MSNot Available
NMRNot Available
ChemSpider IDNot Available
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDNot Available
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
  1. Arn, H, Acree TE. “Flavornet: A database of aroma compounds based on odor potency in natural products”. Developments in Food Science 40 (1998): 27. doi:10.1016/S0167-4501(98)80029-0
  1. Arn, H, Acree TE. “Flavornet: A database of aroma compounds based on odor potency in natural products”. Developments in Food Science 40 (1998): 27. doi:10.1016/S0167-4501(98)80029-0
  1. Arn, H, Acree TE. “Flavornet: A database of aroma compounds based on odor potency in natural products”. Developments in Food Science 40 (1998): 27. doi:10.1016/S0167-4501(98)80029-0
MSDSNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference