Record Information
Creation date2010-04-08 22:04:30 UTC
Update date2020-02-24 19:10:19 UTC
Primary IDFDB000257
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB Namep-Coumaroyl tartaric acid glucosidic ester
DescriptionD-tartaric acid, also known as (-)-tartarate or (-)-(s,s)-tartaric acid, belongs to sugar acids and derivatives class of compounds. Those are compounds containing a saccharide unit which bears a carboxylic acid group. D-tartaric acid is soluble (in water) and a moderately acidic compound (based on its pKa). D-tartaric acid can be found in vinegar, which makes D-tartaric acid a potential biomarker for the consumption of this food product. Tartaric acid is a white crystalline organic acid that occurs naturally in many plants, most notably in grapes. Its salt, potassium bitartrate, commonly known as cream of tartar, develops naturally in the process of winemaking. It is commonly mixed with sodium bicarbonate and is sold as baking powder used as a leavening agent in food preparation. The acid itself is added to foods as an antioxidant and to impart its distinctive sour taste .
CAS NumberNot Available
(-)-(S,S)-Tartaric acidChEBI
(-)-D-Tartaric acidChEBI
(-)-Tartaric acidChEBI
(2S,3S)-(-)-Tartaric acidChEBI
(2S,3S)-Tartaric acidChEBI
(S,S)-(-)-Tartaric acidChEBI
(S,S)-Tartaric acidChEBI
D-(-)-Tartaric acidChEBI
D-Threaric acidChEBI
(S,S)-Tartric acidGenerator
D-Tartric acidGenerator
(2S,3S)-2,3-Dihydroxybutanedioic acidHMDB
Calcium tartrateMeSH
Tartaric acid, ((r*,r*)-(+-))-isomerMeSH
(R*,r*)-(+-)-2,3-dihydroxybutanedioic acid, monoammonium monosodium saltMeSH
Aluminum tartrateMeSH
Sodium ammonium tartrateMeSH
Tartaric acid, (R-(r*,r*))-isomerMeSH
Tartaric acid, (S-(r*,r*))-isomerMeSH
Ammonium tartrateMeSH
Calcium tartrate tetrahydrateMeSH
Potassium tartrateMeSH
Seignette saltMeSH
Sodium potassium tartrateMeSH
Stannous tartrateMeSH
Tartaric acidMeSH
Tartaric acid, (r*,s*)-isomerMeSH
Tartaric acid, ammonium sodium salt, (1:1:1) salt, (r*,r*)-(+-)-isomerMeSH
Tartaric acid, calcium salt, (R-r*,r*)-isomerMeSH
MN(III) tartrateMeSH
Sodium tartrateMeSH
Tartaric acid, monoammonium salt, (R-(r*,r*))-isomerMeSH
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Chemical FormulaC4H6O6
IUPAC name
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C4H6O6/c5-1(3(7)8)2(6)4(9)10/h1-2,5-6H,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)/t1-,2-/m0/s1
Isomeric SMILESO[C@@H]([C@H](O)C(O)=O)C(O)=O
Average Molecular Weight150.0868
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight150.016437924
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sugar acids and derivatives. Sugar acids and derivatives are compounds containing a saccharide unit which bears a carboxylic acid group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentSugar acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Short-chain hydroxy acid
  • Sugar acid
  • Monosaccharide
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Alpha-hydroxy acid
  • Fatty acid
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Alcohol
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
OntologyNo ontology term
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
EI-MS/GC-MSNot Available
MS/MSNot Available
NMRNot Available
ChemSpider IDNot Available
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer ID490
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDNot Available
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Rothwell JA, Pérez-Jiménez J, Neveu V, Medina-Ramon A, M'Hiri N, Garcia Lobato P, Manach C, Knox K, Eisner R, Wishart D, Scalbert A. (2013) Phenol-Explorer 3.0: a major update of the Phenol-Explorer database to incorporate data on the effects of food processing on polyphenol content. Database, 10.1093/database/bat070.