Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:07:17 UTC
Update date2020-09-17 15:42:26 UTC
Primary IDFDB006738
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NamePsidiolic acid
DescriptionPyroglutamic acid (5-oxoproline) is a cyclized derivative of L-glutamic acid. It is an uncommon amino acid derivative in which the free amino group of glutamic acid cyclizes to form a lactam. It is formed nonenzymatically from glutamate, glutamine, and gamma-glutamylated peptides, but it can also be produced by the action of gamma-glutamylcyclotransferase on gamma-glutamyl dipeptides. Elevated blood levels of pyroglutamate may be associated with problems of glutamine or glutathione metabolism. Pyroglutamate is found in substantial amounts in brain tissue and other tissues in bound form, especially skin. It is also present in plant tissues. It is sold, over the counter, as a "smart drug" for improving blood circulation in the brain. Pyroglutamate in the urine is a biomarker for the consumption of cheese. When present in sufficiently high levels, pyroglutamic acid can act as an acidogen and a metabotoxin. An acidogen is an acidic compound that induces acidosis, which has multiple adverse effects on many organ systems. A metabotoxin is an endogenously produced metabolite that causes adverse health effects at chronically high levels. Chronically high levels of pyroglutamic acid are associated with at least five inborn errors of metabolism including 5-oxoprolinuria, 5-oxoprolinase deficiency, glutathione synthetase deficiency, hawkinsinuria, and propionic acidemia. Pyroglutamic acid is an organic acid. It is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). Abnormally high levels of organic acids in the blood (organic acidemia), urine (organic aciduria), the brain, and other tissues lead to general metabolic acidosis. Acidosis typically occurs when arterial pH falls below 7.35. In infants with acidosis, the initial symptoms include poor feeding, vomiting, loss of appetite, weak muscle tone (hypotonia), and lack of energy (lethargy). These can progress to heart, liver, and kidney abnormalities, seizures, coma, and possibly death. These are also the characteristic symptoms of the untreated IEMs mentioned above. Many affected children with organic acidemias experience intellectual disability or delayed development. In adults, acidosis or acidemia is characterized by headaches, confusion, feeling tired, tremors, sleepiness, and seizures. It has been shown that pyroglutamic acid releases GABA from the cerebral cortex and displays anti-anxiety effects in a simple approach-avoidance conflict situation in the rat. In clinical pharmacology experiments, pyroglutamic acid significantly shortens the plasma half-life of ethanol during acute intoxication.
CAS Number98-79-3
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
(-)-2-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylic acidChEBI
(S)-(-)-2-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylic acidChEBI
(S)-Pyroglutamic acidChEBI
5-Pyrrolidone-2-carboxylic acidChEBI
L-5-Pyrrolidone-2-carboxylic acidChEBI
L-Pyroglutamic acidChEBI
Pidolic acidChEBI
PyroglutamateChEBI
5-oxo-L-ProlineKegg
(-)-2-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylateGenerator
(S)-(-)-2-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylateGenerator
(S)-PyroglutamateGenerator
5-Pyrrolidone-2-carboxylateGenerator
L-5-Pyrrolidone-2-carboxylateGenerator
L-PyroglutamateGenerator
PidolateGenerator
(-)-PyroglutamateHMDB
(-)-Pyroglutamic acidHMDB
(5S)-2-Oxopyrrolidine-5-carboxylateHMDB
(5S)-2-Oxopyrrolidine-5-carboxylic acidHMDB
(S)-(-)-g-Butyrolactam-g-carboxylateHMDB
(S)-(-)-g-Butyrolactam-g-carboxylic acidHMDB
(S)-(-)-gamma-Butyrolactam-gamma-carboxylateHMDB
(S)-(-)-gamma-Butyrolactam-gamma-carboxylic acidHMDB
(S)-2-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylateHMDB
(S)-2-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylic acidHMDB
(S)-5-oxo-2-PyrrolidinecarboxylateHMDB
(S)-5-oxo-2-Pyrrolidinecarboxylic acidHMDB
2-L-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylateHMDB
2-L-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylic acidHMDB
2-Oxopyrrolidine-5(S)-carboxylateHMDB
2-Oxopyrrolidine-5(S)-carboxylic acidHMDB
2-Pyrrolidinone-5-carboxylateHMDB
2-Pyrrolidinone-5-carboxylic acidHMDB
5-Carboxy-2-pyrrolidinoneHMDB
5-L-OxoprolineHMDB
5-OxoprolineHMDB
5-Pyrrolidinone-2-carboxylateHMDB
5-Pyrrolidinone-2-carboxylic acidHMDB
Ajidew a 100HMDB
GlutimateHMDB
Glutimic acidHMDB
GlutiminateHMDB
Glutiminic acidHMDB
L-2-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylateHMDB
L-2-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylic acidHMDB
L-5-Carboxy-2-pyrrolidinoneHMDB
L-5-oxo-2-PyrrolidinecarboxylateHMDB
L-5-oxo-2-Pyrrolidinecarboxylic acidHMDB
L-5-OxoprolineHMDB
L-Glutamic acid g-lactamHMDB
L-GlutimateHMDB
L-Glutimic acidHMDB
L-GlutiminateHMDB
L-Glutiminic acidHMDB
L-PyrrolidinonecarboxylateHMDB
L-Pyrrolidinonecarboxylic acidHMDB
L-PyrrolidonecarboxylateHMDB
L-Pyrrolidonecarboxylic acidHMDB
OxoprolineHMDB
OxopyrrolidinecarboxylateHMDB
Oxopyrrolidinecarboxylic acidHMDB
PidolidoneHMDB
PyrrolidinonecarboxylateHMDB
Pyrrolidinonecarboxylic acidHMDB
Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylateHMDB
Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylic acidHMDB
Pyrrolidonecarboxylic acidHMDB
5-KetoprolineHMDB
Pidolate, magnesiumHMDB
5-Oxopyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acidHMDB
Magnesium pidolateHMDB
2-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylic acidHMDB
5-OxoprolinateHMDB
PCAHMDB
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility151 g/LALOGPS
logP-1ALOGPS
logP-0.89ChemAxon
logS0.07ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.61ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.2ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area66.4 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity28.09 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability11.56 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC5H7NO3
IUPAC name(2S)-5-oxopyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C5H7NO3/c7-4-2-1-3(6-4)5(8)9/h3H,1-2H2,(H,6,7)(H,8,9)/t3-/m0/s1
InChI KeyODHCTXKNWHHXJC-VKHMYHEASA-N
Isomeric SMILESOC(=O)[C@@H]1CCC(=O)N1
Average Molecular Weight129.114
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight129.042593095
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alpha amino acids and derivatives. These are amino acids in which the amino group is attached to the carbon atom immediately adjacent to the carboxylate group (alpha carbon), or a derivative thereof.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentAlpha amino acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • Pyrroline carboxylic acid
  • Pyrroline carboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Pyrroline
  • Cyclic carboximidic acid
  • Lactim
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Indirect biological role:

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (2 TMS)splash10-0ab9-8900000000-f79dc90370ba38f587c9JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0ab9-8900000000-f79dc90370ba38f587c9JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4i-0900000000-90fb43273551aeb9b2c4JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0a6r-9000000000-130a8f31f82e83c4be07JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-05fr-9200000000-d69b52257404ab658d5bJSpectraViewer
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001i-9500000000-ebc64308ec5d5bdb303eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-053r-9000000000-7377cb17491942e9589cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-053u-9000000000-fcab1396867356ebd6aeJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-004i-0900000000-5b0c6536e1b3217b8544JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-0900000000-c30ac0bd264c8007ef92JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-004i-5900000000-ea3a164653e4235716aeJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-0f89-9000000000-f6620738e68f990d0594JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-0udi-9000000000-7937bee2e9a6d6b29cbdJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-004i-0900000000-f20401903b234914b936JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-0900000000-9446bb65e0edd72cfd59JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-0059-7900000000-74eccdeb9f0d5fd17614JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-0f8a-9000000000-8786a9cd5e488192f34dJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-0f6t-9000000000-ebcc1ac4acd525218e80JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-01q9-2900000000-754ae9b699ec1b22cd76JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Positivesplash10-001i-9300000000-eabb8c4dc0d1111e0431JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Positivesplash10-00lr-9100000000-1dd17702aee7e5bce618JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Positivesplash10-067i-9000000000-c9669794d3a8746be498JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Positivesplash10-014i-9000000000-9e103abb0a6ed890051eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-03e9-3900000000-da8cf252285c1d616586JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Positivesplash10-01q9-9400000000-96a7fe5a81188c49d1baJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Positivesplash10-014i-9000000000-356215339a43217dea66JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Positivesplash10-02vl-9000000000-ed47ec6e675eb338da19JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Positivesplash10-014i-9000000000-f647da344adbdf7bfb1bJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Positivesplash10-001i-9200000000-0bddc68d58c6fb981d1aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-004i-0900000000-c70c79fa828bbf137ebcJSpectraViewer | MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-001i-9000000000-6c87253da642bb4800dfJSpectraViewer | MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
ChemSpider IDNot Available
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDPSIDIOLIC-ACID
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).