Record Information
Creation date2010-04-08 22:07:28 UTC
Update date2019-11-26 03:01:32 UTC
Primary IDFDB007162
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameEcdysone
DescriptionEcdysone, also known as molting hormone, belongs to pentahydroxy bile acids, alcohols and derivatives class of compounds. Those are bile acids, alcohols or derivatives bearing five hydroxyl groups. Thus, ecdysone is considered to be a sterol lipid molecule. Ecdysone is practically insoluble (in water) and a very weakly acidic compound (based on its pKa). Ecdysone can be synthesized from 5beta-cholestane. Ecdysone is also a parent compound for other transformation products, including but not limited to, (25R)-11alpha,20,26-trihydroxyecdysone, (24R)-11alpha,20,24-trihydroxyecdysone, and ecdysone 25-O-D-glucopyranoside. Ecdysone can be found in spinach, which makes ecdysone a potential biomarker for the consumption of this food product. Ecdysone is a steroidal prohormone of the major insect molting hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone, which is secreted from the prothoracic glands. Insect molting hormones (ecdysone and its homologues) are generally called ecdysteroids. Ecdysteroids act as moulting hormones of arthropods but also occur in other related phyla where they can play different roles. In Drosophila melanogaster, an increase in ecdysone concentration induces the expression of genes coding for proteins that the larva requires, and it causes chromosome puffs (sites of high expression) to form in polytene chromosomes. Recent findings in Chris Q. Doe lab have found a novel role of this hormone in regulating temporal gene transitions within neural stem cells. Ecdysone and other ecdysteroids also appear in many plants mostly as a protection agent (toxins or antifeedants) against herbivorous insects. These phytoecdysteroids have been reputed to have medicinal value and are part of herbal adaptogenic remedies like Cordyceps, yet an ecdysteroid precursor in plants has been shown to have cytotoxic properties. A pesticide sold with the name MIMIC has ecdysteroid activity, although its chemical structure has little resemblance to the ecdysteroids .
CAS Number3604-87-3
Molting hormoneMeSH
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility0.16 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)13.51ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area118.22 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity127.42 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability52.93 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC27H44O6
IUPAC name(1R,2R,4S,5R,7R,11S,14R,15R)-14-[(2S,3R)-3,6-dihydroxy-6-methylheptan-2-yl]-4,5,11-trihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadec-9-en-8-one
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C27H44O6/c1-15(20(28)8-9-24(2,3)32)16-7-11-27(33)18-12-21(29)19-13-22(30)23(31)14-25(19,4)17(18)6-10-26(16,27)5/h12,15-17,19-20,22-23,28,30-33H,6-11,13-14H2,1-5H3/t15-,16+,17-,19-,20+,22+,23-,25+,26+,27+/m0/s1
Isomeric SMILESC[C@H]([C@H](O)CCC(C)(C)O)[C@H]1CC[C@@]2(O)C3=CC(=O)[C@@H]4C[C@@H](O)[C@@H](O)C[C@]4(C)[C@H]3CC[C@]12C
Average Molecular Weight464.6347
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight464.31378914
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pentahydroxy bile acids, alcohols and derivatives. These are bile acids, alcohols or derivatives bearing five hydroxyl groups.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassBile acids, alcohols and derivatives
Direct ParentPentahydroxy bile acids, alcohols and derivatives
Alternative Parents
  • Pentahydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Cholesterol-skeleton
  • Cholesterol
  • Cholestane-skeleton
  • 25-hydroxysteroid
  • Ecdysteroid
  • 22-hydroxysteroid
  • 14-hydroxysteroid
  • 6-oxosteroid
  • 3-beta-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • Oxosteroid
  • 2-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-hydroxy-delta-7-steroid
  • Delta-7-steroid
  • Cyclohexenone
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Ketone
  • Polyol
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
OntologyNo ontology term
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
EI-MS/GC-MSNot Available
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-004j-0001900000-3fc22d82269db6bf63b1Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-004i-0204900000-7f5cfefde6160b9090b0Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-004i-5329500000-cd2ad6c11bca386db234Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03dj-0000900000-0eae1d10c0ef88f5a770Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0002-0001900000-aae15501ba4e631b82fbSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-002b-2009500000-dac976c4083b1f3946b8Spectrum
NMRNot Available
ChemSpider IDNot Available
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC00477
Pubchem Compound ID19212
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID23890
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00003651
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
anti gonadotrophicDUKE
pesticide25944 Strictly, a substance intended to kill pests. In common usage, any substance used for controlling, preventing, or destroying animal, microbiological or plant pests.DUKE
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).