The following entry is an example of an entry for the upcoming version 2.0 release of FooDB. This release of FooDB is under active development. The database so far contains over 25,000 unique compounds. This entry is a work in progress and may change rapidly.


General description

Accession Number FOOD000102
Food name Apple (Whole, raw)
Organism source Apple (Malus pumila)
Version 1.0
Creation Date 2011-02-11 10:12:49
Update Date 2011-04-01 12:12:49
  • Malus communis
  • Malus domestica
  • Malus sylvestris
  • Pyrus pumila
  • Paradise apple
Description The apple is the pomaceous fruit of the apple tree, species Malus pumila in the rosaceae family. It is one of the most widely cultivated tree fruits, and the most widely known of the many members of genus Malus that are used by humans. Compared to many other fruits and vegetables, apples contain relatively low amounts of vitamin C, but are a rich source of other antioxidant compounds.

External databases

Organism source
(International Taxonomic Information System)
(Germplasm Resources Information Network)
(Plants For A Future)
Malus pumila
Malus domestica
UniProt Taxonomy 3750
NCBI Taxonomy 3750
Mansfeld's Malus domestica
Catalogue of Life 634936
Encyclopedia of Life 16882413
The International Plant Names Index Malus pumila
Wikipedia Apple
Wikispecies Malus pumila
Malus domestica
Food product
Wikipedia Apple


Food contents

# Compounds Structures Contents
(mg/100 g)
1(+)-Abscisic acidStructureNot Available(3, 4)
2(+)-CatechinStructure1.235(3, 5)
3(+)-EpicatechinStructureNot Available(3)
4(+)-SyringaresinolStructureNot Available(4)
5(-)-EpicatechinStructure8.335(3, 5)
611beta-Hydroxygibberellin A7StructureNot Available(4)
71H-Indole-3-acetic acidStructureNot Available(4)
82-Methyl-but-2-en-1-olStructureNot Available(3)
93-Hydroxyphloretin 2'-O-glucosideStructure0.115(5)
104-p-Coumaroylquinic acidStructure2.247(3, 4, 5)
115-p-Coumaroylquinic acidStructure1.050(5)
12AcetaldehydeStructureNot Available(3)
13AluminumStructure0.040 to 12.900(3)
14AmmoniaStructureNot Available(3)
16ArsenicStructure0.000 to 0.043(3)
17BariumStructure0.022 to 0.860(3)
18beta-CaroteneStructure0.025 to 0.027(1, 2)
19beta-Carotene 5,6-epoxideStructureNot Available(3)
22BoronStructure0.100 to 11.000(3)
23BromineStructureNot Available(3)
24ButanalStructureNot Available(3)
25Butyl acetateStructureNot Available(3)
26C14:0 (Myristic acid)Structure1.000(2)
27C16:0 (Palmitic acid)Structure24.000 to 56.000(1, 2)
28C16:1 n-7 (Palmitoleic acid)Structure1.000 to 6.200(3)
29C18:0 (Stearic acid)Structure3.000 to 10.000(1, 2)
30C18:1 n-9 (Oleic acid)Structure10.000 to 87.100(1, 3)
31C18:2 n-6 (Linoleic acid)Structure154.000(1)
32C18:3 n-3 (alpha-Linolenic acid)Structure41.000(1)
33CadmiumStructure0.000 to 0.003(3)
34Caffeic acidStructure0.418(5)
35CalciumStructure3.850 to 57.000(1, 2, 3)
36CampesterolStructureNot Available(3)
37CaproaldehydeStructureNot Available(3)
38Chlorogenic acidStructure13.253(5)
40ChromiumStructure0.001 to 0.030(1, 3)
41CobaltStructure0.001 to 0.004(3)
42CopperStructure0.024 to 0.400(1, 2, 3)
43Cryptochlorogenic acidStructure0.543(5)
44Cyanidin 3-O-arabinosideStructure0.063(5)
45Cyanidin 3-O-galactosideStructure0.811(5)
46Cyanidin 3-O-xylosideStructure0.055(4, 5)
47D-FructoseStructure5860.000 to 5900.000(1, 2)
48D-GlucoseStructure1680.000 to 2430.000(1, 2)
50Diphosphatidyl glycerolStructure0.400 to 0.600(3)
StructureNot Available(4)
52Ethinyl estradiolStructure2.500 to 3.500(3)
53Ethyl acetateStructureNot Available(3)
54Ethyl formateStructureNot Available(3)
55Ethyl propionateStructureNot Available(3)
56EthyleneStructureNot Available(4)
57Ferulic acidStructure0.058(5)
58FluorideStructure0.003 to 0.210(2, 3)
59Fumaric acidStructureNot Available(4)
60Gallic acidStructureNot Available(3)
61Gentisic acidStructure0.223(5)
62Gibberellin A1StructureNot Available(4)
63Gibberellin A105StructureNot Available(4)
64Gibberellin A108StructureNot Available(4)
65Gibberellin A12StructureNot Available(4)
66Gibberellin A15StructureNot Available(4)
67Gibberellin A17StructureNot Available(4)
68Gibberellin A19StructureNot Available(4)
69Gibberellin A20StructureNot Available(4)
70Gibberellin A24StructureNot Available(4)
71Gibberellin A25StructureNot Available(4)
72Gibberellin A3StructureNot Available(4)
73Gibberellin A34StructureNot Available(4)
74Gibberellin A35StructureNot Available(4)
75Gibberellin A44StructureNot Available(4)
76Gibberellin A45StructureNot Available(4)
77Gibberellin A51StructureNot Available(4)
78Gibberellin A53StructureNot Available(4)
79Gibberellin A54StructureNot Available(4)
80Gibberellin A61StructureNot Available(4)
81Gibberellin A62StructureNot Available(4)
82Gibberellin A63StructureNot Available(4)
83Gibberellin A68StructureNot Available(4)
84Gibberellin A7StructureNot Available(4)
85Gibberellin A70StructureNot Available(4)
86Gibberellin A8StructureNot Available(4)
87Gibberellin A84StructureNot Available(4)
88Gibberellin A88StructureNot Available(4)
89Gibberellin A9StructureNot Available(4)
90GlycineStructure8.000 to 9.000(1, 2)
91Hexyl acetateStructureNot Available(3)
92Hexyl butyrateStructureNot Available(3)
93Indole-3-methyl acetateStructureNot Available(4)
94IronStructure0.110 to 12.300(1, 2, 3)
95Isoamyl butyrateStructureNot Available(3)
96Isopropyl acetateStructureNot Available(3)
97Jasmonic acidStructureNot Available(3)
98KaempferolStructureNot Available(3)
99L-AlanineStructure11.000(1, 2, 3)
100L-ArginineStructure6.000(1, 2)
101L-Aspartic acidStructure21.000 to 211.500(1, 2, 3)
102L-CystineStructure1.000(1, 2)
103L-Glutamic acidStructure15.600 to 124.400(1, 2, 3)
104L-HistidineStructure4.000 to 5.000(1, 2)
105L-IsoleucineStructure6.000 to 9.000(1, 2)
106L-LeucineStructure13.000 to 14.000(1, 2)
107L-LysineStructure12.000 to 13.000(1, 2)
108L-MethionineStructure1.000 to 3.000(1, 2)
109L-PhenylalanineStructure6.000 to 7.000(1, 2)
110L-ProlineStructure6.000 to 83.000(1, 2)
111L-SerineStructure10.000 to 11.000(1, 2)
112L-ThreonineStructure6.000 to 8.000(1, 2)
113L-TryptophanStructure1.000 to 3.000(1, 2)
114L-TyrosineStructure1.000 to 4.000(1, 2)
115L-ValineStructure10.000 to 12.000(1, 2)
116LeadStructure0.000 to 6.400(3)
117LithiumStructure0.004 to 0.017(3)
118LuteinStructure0.040 to 0.500(3)
119LuteoxanthinStructureNot Available(3)
120MagnesiumStructure4.400 to 47.800(1, 2, 3)
121ManganeseStructure0.000 to 2.900(1, 2, 3)
122MelatoninStructureNot Available(3)
123MercuryStructure0.000 to 0.002(3)
124Methyl amineStructureNot Available(3)
125Methyl benzoateStructureNot Available(3)
126Methyl butyrateStructureNot Available(3)
127Methyl vinyl ketoneStructureNot Available(3)
128Mevalonic acidStructure3.000 to 3.600(3)
129MolybdenumStructure0.008 to 0.043(3)
130MyricetinStructureNot Available(3)
132NickelStructure0.000 to 0.065(1, 3)
133p-Hydroxycinnamic acidStructure0.287(5)
135Phloretin 2'-O-xylosyl-glucosideStructure2.603(5)
137PhosphorusStructure6.800 to 92.500(1, 2, 3)
138PotassiumStructure107.000 to 1214.000(1, 2, 3)
139Procyanidin dimer B2Structure14.558(5)
140Procyanidin trimer C1StructureNot Available(3)
141ProgesteroneStructureNot Available(4)
142Propyl acetateStructureNot Available(3)
143Propyl butyrateStructureNot Available(3)
144Protocatechuic acidStructureNot Available(3)
145QuercetinStructure0.132(3, 5)
146Quercetin 3-O-arabinosideStructure1.396 to 1.870(5)
147Quercetin 3-O-galactosideStructure1.560 to 2.358(5)
148Quercetin 3-O-glucosideStructure0.540 to 0.642(5)
149Quercetin 3-O-rhamnosideStructure0.780 to 1.330(5)
150Quercetin 3-O-rutinosideStructure0.227 to 0.250(3, 5)
151Quercetin 3-O-xylosideStructure0.730 to 0.785(5)
152RubidiumStructure0.027 to 1.000(3)
153SiliconStructure0.100 to 7.000(3)
154SilverStructure0.001 to 0.009(3)
155Sinapic acidStructureNot Available(3)
156SinensiaxanthinStructureNot Available(4)
157SodiumStructure0.000 to 13.300(1, 2, 3)
158StrontiumStructure0.017 to 0.860(3)
159SucroseStructure570.000 to 3620.000(1, 2, 3)
160SulfurStructure0.165 to 2.300(3)
161Syringic acidStructure0.899(5)
162TinStructureNot Available(3)
163TitaniumStructure0.006 to 0.300(3)
164Vitamin A (beta-Cryptoxanthin)Structure0.011(2)
165Vitamin B1 (Thiamine hydrochloride)Structure0.016 to 0.017(1, 2)
166Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)Structure0.011 to 0.026(1, 2)
167Vitamin B3 (Nicotinic acid)Structure0.050 to 0.100(1, 2)
168Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)Structure0.061 to 0.400(1, 2, 3)
169Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)Structure0.041 to 0.051(1, 2)
170Vitamin B9 (Folates)Structure0.003 to 0.009(1, 2)
171Vitamin C (L-Ascorbic Acid)Structure2.000 to 40.200(1, 2, 3)
172Vitamin E (alpha-Tocopherol)Structure0.180 to 0.550(1, 2)
173Vitamin K1 (Phylloquinone)Structure0.002 to 0.003(1, 2)
174WaterStructure85560.000 to 85700.000(1, 2)
175ZincStructure0.000 to 3.500(1, 2, 3)
176ZirconiumStructure0.022 to 0.086(3)



  1. ©Danish Food Composition Databank, version 7.0, 2008.
  2. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2008. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21.
  3. Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases
  4. KNApSAcK: A Comprehensive Species-Metabolite Relationship Database
  5. Neveu V, Perez-Jiménez J, Vos F, Crespy V, du Chaffaut L, Mennen L, Knox C, Eisner R, Cruz J, Wishart D, Scalbert A. (2010) Phenol-Explorer: an online comprehensive database on polyphenol contents in foods. Database, doi: 10.1093/database/bap024 [Pubmed] (Version 2.0, available at