The following entry is an example of an entry for the upcoming version 2.0 release of FooDB. This release of FooDB is under active development. The database so far contains over 25,000 unique compounds. This entry is a work in progress and may change rapidly.


General description

Accession Number FOOD000212
Food name Milk
Organism source Cattle (Bos taurus)
Version 1.0
Creation Date 2011-02-15 10:12:49
Update Date 2011-02-28 12:12:49
  • Bos bovis
  • Bos indicus
  • Bos primigenius
  • Bos primigenius indicus
  • Bos primigenius taurus
  • Aurochs
  • Cow
  • Domestic cattle
Description Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals (e.g. cow, goat, sheep). It provides the primary source of nutrition for young mammals before they are able to digest other types of food. The exact components of raw milk vary by species, but it contains significant amounts of saturated fat, protein and calcium as well as vitamin C. The term milk is also used for white colored, non-animal beverages resembling milk in color and texture such as soy milk, rice milk, almond milk, and coconut milk.

External databases

Organism source
(International Taxonomic Information System)
(Germplasm Resources Information Network)
Not Available
USDA PLANTS Not Available
(Plants For A Future)
Not Available
UniProt Taxonomy 9913
NCBI Taxonomy 9913
Mansfeld's Not Available
Catalogue of Life 6850613
Encyclopedia of Life 10550923
The International Plant Names Index Not Available
Wikipedia Cattle
Wikispecies Bos_taurus
Food product
Wikipedia Milk


Food contents

# Compounds Structures Contents
(mg/100 ml)
217-alpha-EstradiolStructure0.000 to 0.004(15, 16, 17)
317-beta-EstradiolStructure0.000 to 0.003(16, 17, 68, 83, 89, 112)
417-beta-Estradiol 3-glucuronideStructure0.001 to 0.003(109)
62-Oxoglutaric acidStructure1.315 to 4.091(29, 44, 45)
724,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3StructureTraces(42)
825,26-Dihydroxyvitamin D3StructureTraces(42)
925-Hydroxyvitamin D3StructureTraces(42)
103'-SialyllactoseStructure4.250 to 71.700(70, 79)
113-Hydroxybutyric acidStructure0.729 to 3.331(27, 55, 61, 82)
136'-SialyllactosamineStructure1.050 to 10.000(70, 79)
146'-SialyllactoseStructure6.400 to 1950.000(70, 79)
15Acetic acidStructure2.462(55)
16Acetoacetic acidStructure0.408(27)
17AcetoneStructure1.045 to 1.975(27, 55)
18AdenosineStructureTraces(97, 98)
19Adenosine diphosphateStructure0.427(35)
20Adenosine monophosphateStructure1.736(35)
21Adenosine triphosphateStructureTraces(94)
22Aflatoxin M1Structure0.000 to 0.001(25, 93, 105)
23Aflatoxin M2StructureTraces(96)
24AllantoinStructure3.162 to 3.320(34, 106)
25alpha-D-LactoseStructure783.860 to 5360.000(30, 40, 55, 72)
26AluminumStructure0.000 to 0.003(56, 57)
27Aminoadipic acidStructure4.996(55)
28AndrostenedioneStructure0.003 to 0.009(16, 17)
29beta-CaroteneStructure0.000 to 0.070(38, 39, 40, 62, 84, 99)
32Biochanin AStructure0.000 to 0.213(83, 104)
34C10:0 (Capric acid)Structure2.000 to 88.000(40)
35C12:0 (Lauric Acid)Structure2.000 to 128.000(40)
36C14:0 (Myristic acid)Structure10.000 to 464.000(40)
37C14:1 n-5 (Myristoleic acid)Structure1.000 to 41.000(40)
38C15:0 (Pentadecanoic acid)Structure2.000 to 59.000(40)
39C16:0 (Palmitic acid)Structure33.000 to 1255.000(40)
40C16:1 n-7 (Palmitoleic acid)Structure2.000 to 107.000(40)
41C17:0 (Heptadecanoic acid)Structure1.000 to 30.000(40)
42C18:0 (Stearic acid)Structure13.000 to 492.000(40)
43C18:2 (Bovinic acid)Structure17.400 to 77.200(74)
44C18:2 n-6 (Linoleic acid)Structure3.000 to 135.000(40)
45C18:3 n-3 (alpha-Linolenic acid)Structure1.000 to 16.000(40)
46C20:0 (Arachidic acid)Structure1.000 to 9.000(40)
47C20:1 (Eicosenoic acid)Structure3.000 to 32.000(40)
48C20:4 n-6 (Arachidonic acid)Structure1.000 to 6.000(40)
49C22:0 (Behenic acid)Structure1.000 to 2.000(40)
50C22:5 n-3 (Clupanodonic acid)Structure1.000 to 5.000(40)
51C24:0 (Tetracosanoic acid)Structure1.000 to 2.000(40)
52C8:0 (Caprylic acid)Structure4.000 to 39.000(40)
55CalciumStructure0.000 to 165.322(39, 40, 64, 108, 116)
57CholesterolStructure0.000 to 3.920(39, 40, 100)
58CholineStructure1.146 to 1.563(55, 115)
60Citric acidStructure58.214 to 187.513(29, 44, 55, 108)
62CopperStructure0.000 to 0.006(12, 39, 40, 64)
63CreatinineStructure0.600 to 1.357(49, 55)
64CytidineStructure0.000 to 0.243(97, 98, 106)
65Cytidine monophosphateStructure0.000 to 1.616(35, 106)
67D-GalactoseStructure7.927 to 25.762(29, 40, 55)
68D-GlucoseStructure6.666 to 2140.000(29, 40, 44, 45, 55, 63)
70DaidzeinStructure0.000 to 0.771(3, 83, 104)
71Dehydroascorbic acidStructure0.039 to 0.152(9)
72DehydroepiandrosteroneStructure0.000 to 0.001(16, 17)
75EnterodiolStructure0.000 to 0.015(83, 104)
76EnterolactoneStructure0.002 to 3.880(83, 104)
77EpitestosteroneStructure0.000 to 0.001(16, 17)
78EquolStructure0.002 to 36.400(3, 41, 54, 83, 104)
80EstroneStructure0.000 to 0.013(16, 17, 68, 83, 89, 109, 112)
81Estrone 3-glucuronideStructureTraces(109)
82Estrone 3-sulfateStructure0.002(109)
84FormononetinStructure0.000 to 0.696(41, 83, 104)
85Fumaric acidStructure0.464(55)
86gama-TocopherolStructure0.001 to 0.003(38)
88GenisteinStructure0.000 to 0.302(3, 54, 104)
89Glucose 1-phosphateStructure0.002(29)
90Glucose 6-phosphateStructure1.041 to 2.081(29, 44, 45)
91Glycerol 3-phosphateStructure1.377 to 1.721(44)
93GlycineStructure4.279 to 75.000(40, 55)
96GuanosineStructureTraces(97, 98)
97Guanosine 5'-monophosphateStructure0.000 to 0.363(35, 106)
98HistamineStructure0.047 to 0.066(7)
100InosineStructureTraces(97, 98)
101IodineStructure0.002(4, 5)
102IronStructureTraces(39, 40, 64)
103Isocitric acidStructure2.113 to 4.611(29, 44, 45)
104L-AlanineStructure0.445 to 117.000(40, 55)
105L-alpha-Aminobutyric acidStructure0.103(55)
106L-ArginineStructure75.000 to 123.000(40)
107L-Aspartic acidStructure0.532 to 321.000(40, 55)
109L-CystineStructure17.000 to 127.000(40)
110L-Glutamic acidStructure5.444 to 806.000(40, 55)
111L-HistidineStructure75.000 to 92.000(40)
112L-IsoleucineStructure0.131 to 204.000(40, 55)
113L-Lactic acidStructure0.721 to 15.944(29, 44, 55)
114L-LeucineStructure0.131 to 387.000(40, 55)
115L-LysineStructure0.877 to 296.000(40, 55)
116L-MethionineStructure0.149 to 86.000(40, 55)
117L-PhenylalanineStructure0.000 to 172.000(40, 55)
118L-ProlineStructure0.345 to 380.000(40, 55)
119L-SerineStructure107.000 to 215.000(40)
120L-ThreonineStructure0.238 to 153.000(40, 55)
121L-TryptophanStructure0.000 to 75.000(40, 55)
122L-TyrosineStructure0.181 to 163.000(40, 55)
123L-ValineStructure0.234 to 227.000(40, 55)
124LeadStructureTraces(51, 64, 88, 107)
126LuteinStructure0.000 to 0.002(38)
127MagnesiumStructure0.000 to 20.052(39, 40, 64, 108, 116)
128Malic acidStructure3.084(55)
129ManganeseStructure0.000 to 0.003(40, 64, 92)
130MatairesinolStructure0.000 to 0.106(17, 104)
133MolybdenumStructure0.001 to 0.002(66)
134N-Acetylgalactosaminyl lactoseStructure0.350(70)
135N-Acetylneuraminic acidStructure0.000 to 1.150(70, 75)
139Nitric oxideStructure0.000 to 0.030(6)
140Ochratoxin AStructure0.000 to 0.003(11, 101)
142Orotic acidStructure0.000 to 14.829(30, 35, 49, 53, 76, 77, 95, 106)
145PhosphorusStructure0.000 to 117.391(39, 40, 64, 108)
146PotassiumStructure0.000 to 152.287(39, 40, 64, 108)
147ProgesteroneStructure0.000 to 0.003(15, 80)
148PrunetinStructure0.037 to 0.101(104)
150Pyridoxal 5'-phosphateStructure1.483(14)
152Pyridoxamine 5'-phosphateStructure0.496(14)
153Pyruvic acidStructure0.528 to 0.881(29, 55)
154SecoisolariciresinolStructure0.480 to 0.534(104)
155SeleniumStructure0.001 to 0.004(22, 40)
156SodiumStructureTraces(39, 40, 64)
157SpermidineStructure0.000 to 0.145(78)
159Succinic acidStructure0.709(55)
165Trimethylamine N-oxideStructure0.376(55)
167UreaStructure14.150 to 2600.000(58, 111)
168Uric acidStructure0.000 to 3.362(30, 34, 49, 106)
169UridineStructure0.244 to 1.709(97, 98, 106)
170Uridine 5'-monophosphateStructure6.484(35)
172Vitamin A (Retinol)Structure0.000 to 0.065(23, 40, 84, 99)
173Vitamin B1 (Thiamine hydrochloride)StructureTraces(40)
174Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)Structure0.000 to 0.001(2, 39, 40)
175Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)StructureTraces(1, 39, 40)
176Vitamin B3 (Niacinamide)StructureTraces(1, 40)
177Vitamin B3 (Nicotinic acid)StructureTraces(1)
178Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)StructureTraces(40)
179Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxal)Structure1.337(14)
180Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)StructureTraces(1)
181Vitamin B9 (Folates)Structure0.005 to 0.008(2, 40)
182Vitamin C (L-Ascorbic Acid)Structure0.000 to 2.700(2, 9, 40)
183Vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol)Structure0.000 to 0.001(23, 39, 40, 42)
184Vitamin E (alpha-Tocopherol)Structure0.000 to 0.191(23, 38, 40, 84, 99)
185Vitamin K1 (Phylloquinone)StructureTraces(37, 40)
188ZincStructure0.000 to 0.458(12, 39, 40, 64, 116)



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