Record Information
Creation date2010-04-08 22:14:51 UTC
Update date2019-11-26 03:18:36 UTC
Primary IDFDB020188
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • FDB010839
Chemical Information
FooDB NameArabinogalactan
DescriptionEmulsifier, stabiliser Approximately one of the three arabinosyl chains attached to the galactan chain contains succinyl groups. Although one succinyl group is most common, up to three succinyl groups per released arabinan fragment can be found on oligo-arabinans. However, arabinan fragments substituted with GalNH2 are not succinylated. Importantly, in the case of M. tuberculosis, and most likely in all slow growers, both positive charge (protonated GalNH2 as GalNH3+) and negative charge (succinyl) are present in the middle regions of the arabinan, specifically at O-2 of the inner 3,5-?-D-Araf units. The succinyl residues are on the non-mycolylated chain. Recently a complete primary model of arabinogalactan has been proposed.; Arabinogalactan is a biopolymer consisting of arabinose and galactose monosaccharides. Two classes of arabinogalctans are found in nature: plant arabinogalactan and microbial arabinogalactan. In plants, it is a major constituents of many gums, including gum arabic, gum gutti and so on. It occasionally attached to proteins and the resulted proteoglycan functions as signaling molecules betweens cells as well as glue to seal wounded part of plants.; The microbial arabinogalactan is a major structural component of the mycobacterial cell wall. Both the arabinose and galactose are solely in the furanose configuration. The galactan portion of the microbial arabinogalactan is linear, consisting of approximately 30 units with alternating ?-(1-5) and ?-(1-6) glycosidic linkages. The arabinan chain, which consist of about 30 residues, are attached at three branch points within the galactan chain (believed to be at residues 8, 10 and 12).The arabinan portion of the polymer is a complex branched structure, usually capped with mycolic acids. The arabinan glycosidic linkages are ?-(1-3), ?-(1-5), and ?-(1-2).; The non-reducing end of arabinogalactan is covalently attached to the mycolic acids of the outer membrane. The hydrophobicity of mycolic acids is a barrier to drug entry. Additionally, the mycolyl arabinogalactan peptidiglycan is responsible for aspects of disease pathogenesis and much of the antibody response in infections. The mycolyl substituents are selectively and equally distributed on the 5-hydroxyl functions of terminal- and the penultimate 2-linked Araf residues. The mycolyl residues are clustered in groups of four on the non reducing terminal pentaarabinosyl unit (?-Araf-(1?2)-?-Araf)2-3,5-?-Araf. Thus, the major part (66%) of the pentaarabinosyl units are substituted by mycolic acids, leaving the unsubstituted minor region (33%), that is available for interaction with the immune system.
CAS Number93-04-9
2-Methoxy-naphthaleneChEMBL, HMDB
2-Naphthol methyl etherHMDB
2-Naphthyl methyl etherHMDB
b-Naphthyl methyl etherHMDB
beta -MethoxynaphthaleneHMDB
beta -Naphthol methyl etherHMDB
beta -Naphthyl methyl etherHMDB
beta-Naphthol mether etherHMDB
beta-Naphthol methyl etherHMDB
beta-Naphthyl methyl etherHMDB
Jara jaraHMDB
Methyl 2-naphthyl etherHMDB
Methyl beta -naphthyl etherHMDB
Methyl beta-naphthyl etherHMDB
Nerolin yara yaraHMDB
Yara yaraHMDB
Yura yaraHMDB
Arabino galactanbiospider
FEMA 3254db_source
Galacto-l-arabinan, l-biospider
Larch gumdb_source
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility0.065 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area9.23 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity48.97 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability17.62 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC11H10O
IUPAC name2-methoxynaphthalene
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C11H10O/c1-12-11-7-6-9-4-2-3-5-10(9)8-11/h2-8H,1H3
Isomeric SMILESCOC1=CC2=C(C=CC=C2)C=C1
Average Molecular Weight158.1965
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight158.073164942
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as naphthalenes. Naphthalenes are compounds containing a naphthalene moiety, which consists of two fused benzene rings.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentNaphthalenes
Alternative Parents
  • Naphthalene
  • Anisole
  • Alkyl aryl ether
  • Ether
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aromatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homopolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available

Route of exposure:

Biological location:



Biological role:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MS2-Methoxynaphthalene, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0aor-1900000000-1c20535f4a69bcfc204dSpectrum
GC-MS2-Methoxynaphthalene, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0aor-2900000000-84b3e0628bd2f527ae1bSpectrum
GC-MS2-Methoxynaphthalene, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0aor-1900000000-1c20535f4a69bcfc204dSpectrum
GC-MS2-Methoxynaphthalene, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0aor-2900000000-84b3e0628bd2f527ae1bSpectrum
Predicted GC-MS2-Methoxynaphthalene, non-derivatized, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-ccf8c9adde7dafebe859Spectrum
Predicted GC-MS2-Methoxynaphthalene, non-derivatized, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-b1ad72aed00419e872cdSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-6482b5288c37c635e9faSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0fbc-0900000000-67946d6a51ce2f911531Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-7f5929f25f4a347a587fSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-ad2ccbae645853cd88b6Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-0900000000-99f2122554947d468964Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-8c3e029a7181e41a403fSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-8c3e029a7181e41a403fSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-0900000000-6d505baa78133ad36986Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-05067fadfe9b6e821555Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-6a99e14fce415d83a770Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-004i-3900000000-b02e217f39d8ec711ef4Spectrum
NMRNot Available
ChemSpider ID6852
KEGG Compound IDC00569
Pubchem Compound ID7119
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDMLO07-X:MLO07-X
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDArabinogalactan
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
anti complementaryDUKE
anti leishmanic33281 A substance that kills or slows the growth of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoans.DUKE
immunostimulant50847 A substance that augments, stimulates, activates, potentiates, or modulates the immune response at either the cellular or humoral level. A classical agent (Freund's adjuvant, BCG, Corynebacterium parvum, et al.) contains bacterial antigens. It could also be endogenous (e.g., histamine, interferon, transfer factor, tuftsin, interleukin-1). Its mode of action is either non-specific, resulting in increased immune responsiveness to a wide variety of antigens, or antigen-specific, i.e., affecting a restricted type of immune response to a narrow group of antigens. The therapeutic efficacy is related to its antigen-specific immunoadjuvanticity.DUKE
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).